Rio Brazil History
As the 2016 Olympics get underway, Telegraph Travel brings the story of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil's leading travel, tourism and business hub, to light. The companies in Sao Paulo have been operating since the beginning of the 20th century, with a focus on the city's history, culture and tourism.
As the capital of Brazil before the 1960s, the port of Rio de Janeiro attracted many state-owned companies. Likewise, diplomats and businessmen traveled to Rio, and immigrants and workers were dispersed across the decades in many other states. Although it has long been a capital, Brazilians from all over the world have been sent there since the beginning of the 20th century.
In 1975, the states of Rio de Janeiro and Guanabara united, and in 1975, a presidential decree known as a "merger" stripped the city of its federal status and merged it with the state of Janeiro. Niteroi was replaced as the capital and the metropolitan region of Rio de Janeiro was founded. After a brief period of independence in the 1970s, Rio de Janeiro returned to federal government in 1976.
Rio was to remain the capital of Brazil until 1763, when it was transferred to Rio de Janeiro. Rio was also the spiritual and cultural capital of Brazil from the 17th century until political offices were moved inland. In the 1960s, it was taken over by Brasilia, but Rio remained the political power center in the state of Guanabara and the city of Sao Paulo.
Today, Rio de Janeiro ranks second in industrial production in the nation and serves as a major financial services and media center for Brazil. The city's history as the capital of Brazil has been preserved in its present form, adorned with the national flag that appears on the day of the declaration of Brazil as a federal republic. It was always the city of Rio, as it was when Brazil was a Portuguese colony. In the 19th century it grew into one of the largest cities in the world with a population of more than 1.5 million people.
Rio de Janeiro is by far the most populous city in Brazil and the second largest in the world, behind Sao Paulo, the capital of Brazil.
Including Sao Paulo and Rio, Brazil has 6.3 million inhabitants, which together would make it the largest population of any city in the world and the second largest in Latin America. Rio has the highest population density of any city in Brazil, with an average of 1.2 people per square kilometre. This corresponds to a population growth rate of 2.5% per year, although it is much higher than any other Brazilian city. In 2012, 6.3 million people crowded into Rio, making it the third most populous city on the planet, behind New York and London.
Although Rio has cleaned up, the rest of the country still has a long way to go, and Brazil is in the midst of its worst economic crisis since World War II, with unemployment above 40%.
Rio de Janeiro was the birthplace of exile governments in 1808, and the world was resettled in the city in the early 20th century, after the US Army, Navy, and other forces were shot down and fled to Brazil. Don't miss the latest news, photos, videos, interviews, events and more from Rio. We document and discuss the history of the favelas of Rio and the drug-related violence in them, as well as the question of where to stay and what to do if you flee.
When Brazil was raised to kingdom status in 1815, it remained the capital of the Kingdom of Brazil and became the second largest city in the country after Sao Paulo. In December 1815 Dom Joao made Rio the new capital, a role it was to play until Brazil declared independence from Portugal in September 1822. Portugal's rule, but rejected the demand to return to Portuguese rule, and declared Rio its capital for the rest of his life.
Brazil's capital was moved from Rio de Janeiro to Brasilia, and the US Consulate General in Rio was housed in the same building that housed the United States Embassy until the 1960s, when Brazil's capital moved from Rio to Brasilia. In 1990, it became the Consulate General of the United States again, after the Brazilian capital had been moved to the Brazilian capital in 2000. The University of Sao Paulo, which offers graduate courses, is located within the city and is now the headquarters of the Brazilian Institute of International Studies (IIS), one of the largest universities in Brazil.
In 1957, Brazilians began building the city of Brasilia, which replaced Rio as the capital in the 1960s. Six months later Rio had the so-called Elysee in Brazil - the Avenida Rio Branco (1912), which later became the Champs. In 1960, when the capital was moved to Brasilia, it was handed over to the state of Guanabara. Rio became the capital of the surrounding state of Rio de Janeiro, and until 1975 the city was